Georg Scheel Wetzel Architekten BERLIN
Photo: Jens Weber
Feldherrenhalle in 2015
Opened in May 2015, the purpose of the centre is stated as being:
The City of Munich is aware of its special obligation to keep alive the memory of the Nazi era and its crimes and to inform citizens and visitors about it. After all, it was here in Munich that the rise of the National Socialist movement began after the First World War. Munich was also the scene of the attempted putsch of 1923 and of Hitler's subsequent trial. Here Hitler found influential patrons who gave him entry to bourgeois circles. And it was here in 1938 that Goebbels called for the nation-wide pogrom against the Jewish population. After the Nazis seized power in 1933, Munich was chosen by Hitler as the place to celebrate the cult of Nazism and given the titles 'Capital of German Art’ and 'Capital of the Movement’.
Two exhibits. . .
Remembering the horror of the Western Front in WW1 - an Australian casualty station
Middle class audience at the Burgerbraukeller for Hitler's 'comeback' rally in Feb 1925. Photo: Henrich Hoffmann
Nazi march passing through Königsplatz with the two 'honour temples' for the sixteen 'blood martyrs' of the failed 1923 Beer Hall Putsch in the background
Annual midnight swearing in of SS officers at the Feldherrnhalle in 1938
Wittelsbacher Palais at the corner of Briennerstrasse and Turkenstrasse became the Munich Gestapo headquarters. [photograghed in 1945, now demolished] Elser was interrogated here prior to his interrogation in Berlin.
Elser was a lodger in Turkenstrasse during Octonber and November 1939.
The House of German Art opened in 1938 [click image for more]
The Unlfelder department store following Kristallnacht on November 10 1938. Elser left Munich on the November 9, but he may have seen the damage to the Jewish owned store on a later visit to Munich.
Georg Elser visited Munich at least three times: on 8-9 November 1938, at Easter in 1939 and from August 5 to November 7, 1939. Apart from his visits to the Bürgerbräukeller, below are other Nazi sites or Nazi damage Elser may have seen on those three occassions.
Herzog Rudolfstrasse synagogue after it was destroyed during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"). in November 1938